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Tropical Wave 12 flooded the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua
Geneva, 12 August 2013
1. Brief description of the emergency and impact
The Tropical Wave 12, has caused heavy rains from July 22 until this week in the North and South Autonomous Regions of Nicaragua, RAAN and RAAS, leaving massive floods and losses, especially in the municipalities of Waspán, Bilwi in the RAAN and New Guinea, La Cruz de Rio Grande and Pearl Lagoon in the RAAS. Preliminary assessments indicate that affected population is more than 12,570 people (2,591 families), with 19 people dead. According the Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies, INITER, heavy rains will continue affecting these regions all week, due the arrival of the Tropical Wave 13 to Nicaragua.
The damages to the crops are severe, especially to plantains, bananas, roots and tubers, such as cassava and Malanga, corn and rice. There are also losses in poultry and livestock, especially chickens and pigs. Water sources, like wells and latrines are flooded in these communities. The crops were at the stage of harvesting when the floods hit these regions.
2. Why is an ACT response needed?
An ACT response is needed to support in the critical situation of many communities in the RAAN and RAAS, in terms of food, water and sanitation, since the heavy rains are expected to continue and a total destruction of the crops is a potential threat.
3. National and international response
In the first days, the municipalities have supplied some food (rice, bean, oil, flour) and medicines, in coordination with governmental institutions and with nongovernmental organizations.
From 1st August, the World Food Program (WFP) and the Government of Nicaragua have sent a shipment of 75 metric tons of rice, beans, maize, oil, cereal and salt for 25 communities, covering 6,079 persons for 30 days.
Nevertheless the needs are huge and floods will last for a long time due to persistent heavy rains as a result of the arrival of new Tropical Wave to the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua.
4. ACT Alliance response
Assessment teams from Medical Christian Action, AMC, Moravian church and Nicaraguan Council of Evangelical Churches, CEPAD, are in the affected regions doing the assessment of the current situation. Coordination has been established with municipalities, governmental bodies, UN organizations and nongovernmental organizations in the region.
5. Planned activities
Based on the outcomes from the assessment team deployed in the region by the Nicaraguan ACT forum, a Rapid Response Fund proposal or Appeal will be submitted in the following days.
Due the isolation of these regions, food provision will be a challenge. Even now there is a lack of food available in local markets and the food provided by WFP is not enough to meet the needs of the communities. This is not expected to change soon since the floods are not expected to recede in the coming weeks.
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