Oct 11 (Reuters) - Here is a look at the Nobel Peace Prize, which was awarded on Friday to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).
- The OPCW, based in The Hague, is charged with overseeing the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons stockpile in conditions of civil war.
- The prize is decided by the five-member Norwegian Nobel Committee, led by Thorbjoern Jagland, a former prime minister and the head of the Council of Europe. Committee members are elected by Norway's parliament, and generally come from across the political spectrum.
- The Committee received 259 valid nominations for the 2013 prize, of which 50 were organisations and the rest individuals.
- The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 94 times between 1901 and 2013. The 125 winners comprise 100 individuals and 22 separate organisations, the International Committee of the Red Cross having won the prize three times and the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees twice.
- Only two peace prizes have been shared between three winners. The 1994 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin; and the 2011 prize went to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkol Karman. Yemeni journalist Karman was only 32, and was the youngest ever laureate by 11 days.
- The oldest winner is Joseph Rotblat, who was 87 years old when he was awarded the prize in 1995. Only 15 women have received the peace prize.
- The Vietnamese politician Le Duc Tho is the only person to have refused the prize. He was awarded it jointly with U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in 1973 for negotiating the Vietnam peace accord. Kissinger never travelled to Oslo to deliver his acceptance speech.
- Three laureates were under arrest when they were awarded the prize: German pacifist and journalist Carl von Ossietzky in 1935, Burmese politician Aung San Suu Kyi in 1991 and Chinese human rights activist Liu Xiaobo in 2010.
- Both Josef Stalin and Adolf Hitler were nominated for the prize - Stalin in 1945 and 1948 for his efforts to end World War Two, and Hitler in 1939, although the nomination was never intended to be taken seriously. (Reporting by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit, and Balazs Koranyi; Editing by Kevin Liffey)