* Taliban claims responsibility, says dead are German
* Police say up to 15 dead, mainly foreigners
* Restaurant popular among expats in Afghan capital (Adds UN staff unaccounted for, new death toll, hospital)
By Jessica Donati and Mirwais Harooni
KABUL, Jan 17 (Reuters) - Up to 15 people, mainly foreigners, were killed in Afghanistan on Friday when a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a popular Lebanese restaurant in the capital Kabul, police said.
Islamist Taliban insurgents claimed responsibility for the assault in the upscale Wazir Akbar Khan district, which hosts many embassies and restaurants catering for expatriates.
The United Nations said four of its staff were unaccounted for.
General Ayoub Salangi, an Afghan deputy interior minister, said between 13 and 15 people, mostly foreigners, were killed but their nationalities were not immediately clear.
A Taliban spokesman said that those killed were German nationals. In Berlin, the German foreign ministry said it could not confirm that Germans were involved.
The assault took place during a busy dinner time on a Friday evening when expatriates in Kabul tend to eat out. The heavily fortified diplomatic district also houses many wealthy Afghans and business people. Bursts of gunfire followed the attack.
"First there was a suicide attack near a restaurant for foreigners where a man detonated his explosives attached to his body, and then possibly one or two insurgents entered the restaurant," one Afghan security source said.
U.N. spokesman Farhan Haq said in New York that several employees of the United Nations had not been located.
"Four U.N. civilian personnel, who reportedly could have been present in close proximity to the scene of today's attack in Kabul, still remain unaccounted for. The U.N. is making efforts to clarify the status of its personnel," he said.
After the initial suicide explosion, two gunmen stormed into the restaurant and started shooting at people dinning there, security sources said, adding that foreign casualties had been taken to an international military camp in eastern Kabul.
In a nearby hospital, those wounded from the attack screamed and some people cried, pressing scarves against their faces to stifle sobs, as doctors administered treatment. One man, the son of an Afghan victim, kicked the wall as he howled in grief.
"One of the restaurant's cooks was injured," said Abdul Bashir, a doctor. "Two dead bodies have been taken to the morgue."
Hashmat Stanekzai, a spokesman for Kabul police, said earlier an operation to clear the building was under way.
"The clearance operation is still ongoing. Our security forces are not inside the restaurant yet," he said. "There might be some insurgents inside so we have to act carefully to avoid possible casualties."
The attack came at a tough time for Afghanistan as most foreign forces prepare to leave the country this year after more than a decade of war and almost daily attacks.
Security concerns have also been rising ahead of an April presidential election when Afghans will vote to choose a successor to President Hamid Karzai, an event likely to be targeted by the Taliban insurgents.
On Friday night, gunfire continued for about 20 minutes after the initial blast and the main road leading to the area was cordoned off.
Interior Ministry spokesman Sediq Sediqi said three suicide bombers had approached the building, one of whom detonated his bomb whereas the other two were shot by security forces.
Security remains a major concern as Afghanistan and the United States struggle to agree on a key bilateral security pact, raising the prospect that Washington may yet pull out all of its troops this year unless differences are ironed out.
Two years ago, the United States ended its military mission in Iraq with a similar "zero option" after the failure of talks with Baghdad.
Karzai is still deliberating whether to allow some U.S. troops to stay to help his nation regain calm and stability after years of conflict. If no agreement is reached Afghan forces would be left to fight the insurgents on their own. (Writing by Maria Golovnina; additional reporting by Erik Kirschbaum in Berlin and Louis Charbonneau in New York; Editing by Gareth Jones)