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22 Demands The Colombian Women's Union's first demand was for a peaceful resolution of Colombia's internal war between its Liberal and Conservative parties. Its second demand was for women's voting rights. The next 20 demands are many of the rights the world's feminists sought, and are still seeking today. When Arboleda returned to Colombia in 1957, she was just in time to witness the success of efforts she had spearheaded to win voting rights for women. Soon after, she became her country's first national senator. Meanwhile in the United States, women were beginning to feel trapped and stifled in restrictive domestic roles and their resentment found voice in Betty Friedan's 1963 book, "The Feminine Mystique." The resultant National Organization of Women was created to fight for rights that were equal to those enjoyed by males in the United States, and from it, U.S. women's-rights feminism was born. Many U.S. women believed they had been pushed backward into patriarchal, Victorian roles and they determined escape from patriarchy depended on women's economic progress in the labor market. Focusing on paid employment as their equalizer, the majority of U.S. women joined the labor force and steadily narrowed the salary gap in wide sectors of the labor market. By focusing most of their attention on economic equality, they greatly increased their economic power in the United States, but by not paying enough attention to bridging their cultural, political and religious differences, they have slowed their political empowerment. Should U.S. women unite to solve problems that affect them all, leaving out religious, ideological and political issues (that divide them and can never be solved politically), they would eliminate the roadblocks that prohibit the development of the strong female voting bloc they need to elect women as presidents as often as they elect men. Barbara Frechette has a bachelor's degree in journalism from Gonzaga University in Spokane, Wash., and advanced studies in economics and journalism from American University and the University of Maryland. Accompanying her husband in his 35-year foreign service career, she was editor of the American Foreign Service Women's Newsletter and published an article about the role of the foreign service spouse in the American Foreign Service Journal. Would you like to Comment but not sure how? Visit our help page at http://www.womensenews.org/help-making-comments-womens-enews-stories. Would you like to Send Along a Link of This Story?http://www.womensenews.org/story/our-history/120122/colombian-women-zoom-ahead-in-politics For more information: Buy the book, "Sharing Power: Colombia's Dramatic Surge of Women Leaders":http://www.powells.com/partner/34289/biblio/9781462010974?p_ti Barbara Frechette's site:http://barbarafrechette.authorsxpress.com/