As climate experts worldwide fight for cuts in greenhouse gas emissions, other people have come up with more radical ideas to beat climate change: bouncing sunlight back to space by pumping nanoparticles into the atmosphere, launching mirrors into Earth’s orbit, or thickening and brightening our clouds.
In "Fixing the Sky: The Checkered History of Weather and Climate Control", author James Rodger Fleming traces the history of rainmakers, rain fakers, weather warriors and climate engineers.
Through the "tragicomic" story of weather control, the sky can become a dangerous experiment, the publisher Columbia University Press says in its synopsis of the book.
"For more than a century, scientists, soldiers and charlatans have tried to manipulate weather and climate, and like them, today's climate engineers wildly exaggerate what is possible," Columbia University Press said on its website.
"Scarcely considering the political, military, and ethical implications of managing the world's climate, these individuals hatch schemes with potential consequences that far outweigh anything their predecessors might have faced," it said.