Rachel Gerber, a program officer at the Stanley Foundation responsible for human protection programming, spoke at the 2012 Reporting on International Security and Terrorism Seminar in Istanbul. The three-day seminar examines the role of the news media and how journalists can avoid being exploited. The Stanley Foundation engages U.N. officials, diplomats, and policymakers to support the implementation of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) as a preventive framework. Genocide and mass atrocities can be prevented by promoting the acceptance of states' sovereign responsibilities to ensure basic human protection, according to the Stanley Foundation. The world must help countries meet those responsibilities and ensure an effective multilateral response when states prove unwilling to honor them, a preventive framework outlined by the United Nations' Responsibility to Protect, the foundation says. Discussions are hosted by international security experts and attended by 25 journalists from around the world. Sponsors of the seminar include Thomson Reuters Foundation, The Stanley Foundation, Gerda Henkel Stiftung, Stiftung Mercator, Istanbul Policy Center and Sabanci University.