LONDON (AlertNet) - A refugee from Sudan’s civil war who became a top distance runner after moving to the United States is fighting for last-minute permission to compete in the London Olympics as an independent.
Guor Marial, 28, who was born in southern Sudan at the start of the conflict, would have liked to run the marathon for South Sudan which became an independent country last year.
But South Sudan has not yet established a National Olympic Committee so it cannot send a team to the games, which open next week.
The athlete told AlertNet that the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has suggested he run for Sudan, which has invited him to join its team.
But Marial, who lost 28 members of his family in the war, has refused.
“I lost my family and relatives, and in South Sudan 2 million people died,” he said by phone from Flagstaff, Arizona, where he lives.
“For me to just go and represent Sudan is a betrayal of my country first of all, and is disrespecting my people who died for freedom.”
South Sudan gained independence last July after a 2005 peace deal ended more than two decades of war between the mostly Christian south and Arab north. But tensions remain high following clashes in contested borderlands and rows over oil payments.
Rights group Refugees International wrote to IOC President Jacques Rogge on Tuesday to request Marial be allowed to compete as an independent under the Olympic flag.
The letter said it was inappropriate to ask Marial to run for Sudan.
“Numerous members of Mr Marial’s family have been killed by Sudanese security forces, and he himself has suffered serious physical abuse at the hands of Sudanese police,” RI President Michel Gabaudan wrote.
“The threats against him are serious and were recognised as such when he gained refugee status in the United States. Therefore, asking Mr Marial to submit once again to Sudanese authority as an Olympic athlete is not acceptable.”
Refugees International also pointed out that Khartoum had stripped up to 500,000 southern Sudanese still living in Sudan of Sudanese nationality.
“Allowing Sudan to carve out a special exception for Mr Marial is inappropriate when hundreds of thousands like him have had their nationalities revoked en masse with no possibility of appeal,” the letter said.
The IOC was not immediately available for comment.
Marial cannot race for the United States, even though he has permanent residency, because athletes have to be full citizens of the countries they represent.
In a marathon in San Diego, California, last month Marial ran a personal best, finishing in a time of 2:12:55.
“If I did get permission to run in London, the shape I’m in right now, I think I might be in the top 15 to 20,” said the chemistry graduate, who works with people with mental disabilities when he’s not training.
Marial left Sudan at the age of 14 following an attack when Sudanese soldiers entered his home at night. He was left unconscious after a soldier smashed his jaw with a rifle.
The athlete, who arrived in the United States when he was 16, said he appreciated Sudan’s offer but it was impossible to accept.
“In my situation, the consequences of me representing Sudan are bigger than me going to the Olympics,” he said in the interview late Tuesday.
“At this level, as an athlete, I don’t just represent my family, but the whole of South Sudan. It’s a very heavy responsibility to carry. It’s very important for me to make the right decision,” he added.
“My dream is to represent South Sudan. It’s just a matter of time.”