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TABLE-Global CO2 emissions up in 2011 - IWR institute

Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Tue, 13 Nov 2012 12:30 GMT
Author: Reuters
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FRANKFURT, Nov 13 (Reuters) - Global carbon dioxide emissions in 2011 were up 2.5 percent from 2010 at a record 34 billion tonnes, German renewable energy institute IWR said on Tuesday, based on official information and its own research. The private institute, which advises German ministries on ways to rein in climate-harming CO2 output, has suggested a remedy model whereby each country would be given a spending target on renewables in relation to its measured fossil fuels consumption and expressed in billions of euros annually. The model is called CERINA (CO2-emissions and Renewable Investment Action Plan). The IWR posted a table for 65 countries' CO2 emissions in 2011 and its related investment recommendations, expressed in billions of euros annually per country. The figures are based on a scenario of European carbon emissions permits priced at 16 euros a tonne. The current market price for the permits, called EU Allowances, is about 8.60 euros. RANK COUNTRY 1990 CO2 2010 CO2 2011 CO2 CHANGE NEEDED RENEWABLE (Prev yr) (MILLION T) (MILLION T) (MILLION T) 1990-2011 INVESTMENT BLN EUR (PERCENT) WORLD 22,682 33,158 33,992 + 50 543.9 1. (1) China 2,452 8,333 8,876 + 262 142.0 2. (2) U.S. 5,461 6,145 6,027 + 10 96.4 3. (3) India 626 1,708 1,787 + 185 28.6 4. (4) Russia 2,369 1,700 1,674 - 29 26.8 5. (5) Japan 1,179 1,308 1,311 + 11 21.0 6. (6) Germany 1,029 828 804 - 22 12.9 7. (7) S. Korea 257 716 739 + 187 11.8 8. (8) Canada 485 605 628 + 30 10.1 9. (9) Saudi-Arabia 242 563 609 + 152 9.7 10.(10) Iran 199 558 598 + 201 9.6 11.(11) Britain 625 548 513 - 18 8.2 12.(12) Brazil 246 464 488 + 98 7.8 13.(13) Mexico 283 447 464 + 64 7.4 14.(16) Indonesia 151 424 453 + 200 7.2 15.(15) South Africa 329 437 452 + 37 7.2 16.(14) Italy 440 439 433 - 2 6.9 17.(18) Australia 279 367 391 + 40 6.3 18.(17) France 416 403 380 - 9 6.1 19.(21) Poland 382 325 347 - 9 5.6 20.(19) Spain 238 334 343 + 44 5.5 21.(20) Taiwan 136 331 329 + 142 5.3 22.(23) Turkey 142 307 323 + 127 5.2 23.(24) Ukraine 757 290 318 - 58 5.1 24.(22) Thailand 88 308 299 + 239 4.8 25.(25) Netherlands 219 276 267 + 22 4.3 26.(27) UAE 76 227 228 + 200 3.6 27.(29) Singapore 73 209 214 + 193 3.4 28.(28) Egypt 92 209 213 + 132 3.4 29.(33) Malaysia 67 167 203 + 202 3.2 30.(31) Venezuela 105 173 198 + 88 3.2 31.(30) Argentina 104 175 190 + 83 3.0 32.(26) Kazakhstan 250 235 169 - 33 2.7 33.(34) Pakistan 65 164 163 + 150 2.6 34.(32) Belgium & Lux 140 168 147 + 5 2.4 35.(35) Vietnam 36 122 128 + 255 2.0 36.(36) Uzbekistan 133 117 122 - 8 2.0 37.(37) Czech Republic 168 111 121 - 28 1.9 38.(38) Algeria 74 108 108 + 46 1.7 39.(40) Kuwait 26 85 94 + 260 1.5 40.(41) Hong Kong 41 83 93 + 127 1.5 41.(39) Greece 81 98 92 + 13 1.5 42.(42) Romania 169 80 85 - 50 1.4 43.(45) Chile 34 70 79 + 133 1.3 44.(43) Philippines 40 77 77 + 91 1.2 45.(44) Israel 36 76 76 + 111 1.2 46.(48) Qatar 17 66 75 + 341 1.2 47.(47) Colombia 52 68 72 + 39 1.2 48.(46) Austria 61 69 69 + 12 1.1 49.(49) Turkmenistan 36 65 68 + 89 1.1 50.(51) Belarus 111 62 67 - 40 1.1 51.(52) Bangladesh 17 59 61 + 261 1.0 52.(50) Portugal 46 63 57 + 24 0.9 53.(54) Sweden 61 56 56 - 9 0.9 54.(53) Finland 52 58 53 + 2 0.9 55.(55) Hungary 71 54 52 - 26 0.8 56.(56) Trinidad/Tobago 15 53 52 + 244 0.8 57.(58) Bulgaria 75 45 50 - 33 0.8 58.(57) Denmark 56 52 47 - 16 0.8 59.(59) Norway 35 43 46 + 31 0.7 60.(62) Peru 20 39 45 + 126 0.7 61.(60) Switzerland 45 42 41 - 8 0.7 62.(63) Slovakia 55 34 37 - 32 0.6 63.(61) Ireland 27 40 36 + 34 0.6 64.(64) New Zealand 29 34 35 + 22 0.6 65.(65) Ecuador 13 33 34 + 161 0.5 - Rest Middle East 182 339 364 + 100 5.8 - Rest Africa 188 323 342 + 82 5.5 - Rest Europe/Eurasia 400 222 256 - 36 4.1 - Rest Latin America 157 196 189 + 20 3.0 - Rest Asia/Pacific 176 128 139 - 21 2.2 --------------------- Sources: IWR Research, BP Statistical Review, German Economy Ministry (Reporting by Vera Eckert; Editing by David Goodman)

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